* Avoid strains,
* Do more with less effort,
* How to use less effort & enjoy digging...
Although the digging tools - spades, forks, mattocks, - are simple garden tools, there's good and bad technique in using them. And the difference can be:- easy, relaxed, job done gardening,o r - strain, back ache and very little work done.
Before you start gardening, particularly when doing heavy tasks, do a gentle warm up first. You might think this is silly, but to go straight from rest to work, especially on a cold day, risks strain and cramp. Your muscles need a short warm up before they work properly. So give your legs and arms a gentle shake around and do a few simple bending and stretching exercises. You should mobilise any stiff joints and increase circulation before your digging tools start work properly.
Bide Your Time
Of course the ground conditions need to be satisfactory before you can really embark on digging. Wet soil is much much heavier than dry, and it's sticky too. When wet soil softens to a paste it is damaged if worked on.
Dry soil can set hard like concrete. Although it may be softer under the surface, getting started will require a different technique. If you have to work in such conditions I suggest using an the azada or mattock digging tools described below.
Learn How To Handle Your Garden Spade, Fork better...
Although garden spades are the simplest of digging tools I've seen people make very hard work of it. They put themselves at real risk of strain and injury because they use the wrong technique. Get to know how to handle a spade.
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Always make your digging tools do the work,
Use your weight,
Don't pull on your back.
To dig with a garden spade stand upright with one foot on the spade and your weight over the spade. Use your foot and hands to transmit your full body weight downward. Grasping the handle with both hands you will be able to steady yourself. And if the ground is hard you will be able to push the spade from side to side to prise the corners into the ground. See my link to garden spades.
Once in the ground to spade depth, take your foot from the spade and place it back a step. You will now be standing astride like a fencer. Use your weight to force the spade handle back and down.
Your big mistake now would be to grasp the shaft of the spade, and with your back bent try to pull or lift. Instead use leverage to loosen the spit of soil from ground...
Make The Spade Work For You
You should only lift it when the spit of soil is free from the earth around it. And it can be lifted free by leverage alone.
To lift the soil up or turn it - keep your back straight, legs astride, and bend your knees so as to reach down. You will be pushing the handle end down. But with the other hand grasp the shaft as low down as possible. Power the lift from your legs and arms. Balance the weight so that one straight arm keeps the handle end down while your other arm flexes to assist the lift.
Don't lift the soil higher than necessary. To turn a spit of soil twist the handle over as soon as it comes free.
If you are loading a barrow ensure it is conveniently positioned so the soil can be directly turned into it.
Double Digging Tools
Double digging is when the bottom of the first spit is loosened either by a garden fork or spade. Another excellent tool for this job is the Garden Claw. It has a long shaft with handle bars to twist cultivating teeth into the earth. For double digging you'll avoid bending, but use your weight to drive the teeth into the bottom of the first trench.
Digging down to free deep roots or make a pond is hard and cumbersome work. My advice is to dig enough soil to one spit deep first so that you can stand inside the trench to make it deeper.
A long handled spade is almost essential for this type of work, also
the wheel easy is an excellent replacement for a wheel barrow as it lies conveniently low on the ground and doesn't require a big lift to load it.
Click flag to select Spades available in your region >>
Solid Garden Spades - for mattocks look further down the page
Perhaps garden spades and forks don't suite your style. If so you're not alone - see below.
How To Use An Azada, Mattock, or Digging Hoe
The Azada, Mattock and Digging Hoes have earned a reputation as fast workers - they are certainly a good choice when tackling tough, stony, or weedy, ground. But take care...
These digging tools use their own weight to make a downward strike into the earth. Pay attention to where the tool strikes and the angle of strike. The swinging and striking action is easy but needs careful control - it is capable of smashing a hole in your leg if it gets in the way.
You'll find lot's more pages of information on other gardening tools by following these links:-
To tackle large areas on your own,
You may not need manual digging tools if you have a garden rotavator,
They tackle stiff stony earth no problem,
Otherwise you may need enough digging tools for the family or your gardening community to work. - Or find a garden helper below (U.K.) below.